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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl3166\margr3130\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn3166\margrsxn3130\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li29\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx1836 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-8\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 i26{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-3 POROS REINSTATED}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li4\fi0\ri0\sb184\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex83\expndtw2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 \}Le-in state went of Poros}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri58\sb144\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw16\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Justin informs us that Alexander "out of respect \expndtw10 for his valour restored him (Poros) in   safety to   tu-\super s \nosupersub\expndtw3 sovereignty."\super 1\nosupersub    Perhaps   the    chivalrous   instincts     of \expndtw5 Alexander  were  to  some  extent  responsible for    ~tti\super e \nosupersub\expndtw16 generous treatment he accorded to Poros, but tlieire \expndtw14 must have been stronger reasons as well, for politics \expndtw8 hardly knows of any such magnanimity.   In the   fJJtst \expndtw12 place, the stout resistance of Poros, which is furtliei: \expndtw10 apparent from the high casualty list,\super 2\nosupersub  must have  con\-\expndtw12 veyed its own lesson to Alexander.   The latter   also \expndtw8 knew that as he was hailing from distant Greece it "was \expndtw5 impossible for him in the very nature of things to compel \expndtw7 all  the  conquered lands  to   continue  rendering   Hixn \expndtw5 obedience   without  enlisting   local  loyalty,   assistance \expndtw8 and co-operation.   Then, again, his ambition to fou-ncl \expndtw11 a permanent empire in the east largely remained   un\-\expndtw13 fulfilled, and it was, therefore, necessary for him   to \expndtw9 pursue a   policy of conciliation, to   adopt, so to   say, \expndtw13 the method of capturing wild elephants by means   of \expndtw9 tame ones.   Accordingly, Alexander extended to Poros}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li112\fi0\ri11\sb241\sa0\sl-194\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 of Alexander \i0 (E.A.W. Badge's Translation, p. 123) that the great \expndtw6 invader received his first set-back in the battle of Jhelum and lie \expndtw9 sought peace with Poros. It is difficult to appreciate the force of \expndtw6 the learned Professor's observations, for firstly, we do not Itrtow \expndtw3 with certainty the date of the Ethiopic Text. Secondly, it utterly goes \expndtw5 against the uniform testimony of the classical (Greek and Roman) \expndtw6 authors, and there is no reason to believe that they deliberately \expndtw8 conspired to record what was untrue. Thirdly, if Poros was the \expndtw7 victor, as Dr. Seth would have us understand, how could trien \expndtw10 Alexander advance right up to the bank of the Hyphasis. A \expndtw5 consummate general like him would never have done so, if at tlie \expndtw4 very gate of India he had to bow to the arms of Poros.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li547\fi0\ri0\sb7\sa0\sl-194\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 1\nosupersub  Justin, XII, 8, M'crindle's \i Invasion by Alexander, \i0 p. 323.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li454\fi205\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-194\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 Diodoros says that 12,000 men were killed and 9,000 captuir-\expndtw12 (XVII, 89, \i Ibidy \i0 p. 276). According to Arrian, however, the \expndtw9 s in killed was 20,000 infantry and 3,000 cavalry and all the \expndtw5 riots were broken to pieces (V, 18, \i Ibid., \i0 p. ioy\\}\par }